December 24, 2020

Facts about Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Common Symptoms, Diagnosis of PCOS & Lifestyle Changes to Reduce the PCOS Complications

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorders in female

  • Affects 1 in 10 women
  • 70% of the women with PCOS are undiagnosed
  • 50% of the women with PCOS develop type II diabetes by the age of 40
  • PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility

Common Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) 

  • Irregular, heavy or absent menstrual cycle
  •  Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  •  Excessive hair growth on face and body
  •  Male pattern baldness
  • Acne/Oily skin
  • Mood changes
  • Poor sleep
  • Depression/Mood swings
    *Note: not all women will experience the same symptoms

How is  Polycystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS) diagnosed? 

A diagnosis of PCOS is usually made when the women have any two of the following:

  1. Irregular, infrequent or no period
  2. More facial or body hair than is usual and/or blood tests show higher testosterone levels than normal
  3.  Ultrasound scan which shows polycystic ovaries

 How to reduce Polycystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS) complications?

The main ways to reduce the overall risk of long-term health problems is to have a healthy lifestyle

1.Healthy balanced diet

  • Choose complex carbohydrate such as wholegrains foods(such as whole meal bread, whole grain cereals, brown rice, and whole-wheat pasta)
  • Maintain healthy blood sugar level

2.Be active

  • Engage in a regular exercise can :
  • Prevent insulin resistance and avoid developing diabetes
  •  Keep your weight under control

3.Aim to maintain a healthy weight

  • Reduce insulin and androgen levels
  • May restore ovulation
  • Improve the chances of pregnancy
  • Reduce the risk of endometrial cancer

4.Perform regular health checks

  • Women with PCOS above 40 years old: Perform blood sugar test once a year for early
    detection of diabetes


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